“Tomar Notas” no es transcribir, es sintetizar y para ello necesitas pensar

Justo ayer y anteayer, me dediqué a tomar Apuntes Visuales en el 2do Foro Académico de la Zona Poniente de la Ciudad de México, donde participamos más de cuatro instituciones de educación superior: La UAM, La IBERO, El CIDE y el ITESM, entre otros.

La tarea de la documentación fue ardua, pero recomendable, al final se expusieron las notas mientras se comentaban las conclusiones del evento y fue gratificante ver tus dibujos en pantalla. Una querida amiga puso un artículo de NPR en Facebook,  que me hizo reflexionar sobre mi labor y el cuál copio a continuación; El título del mismo se podría traducir a:“Atención estudiantes” dejen a un lado sus computadoras.

Lo más interesante de este artículo y si llegan a leer en las conclusiones, es que las nuevas tecnologías han evolucionando de tal manera que ahora es posible tomar apuntes, con un  lápiz de manera directa sobre la pantalla de nuestros dispositivos portátiles como pueden ver en las siguientes imágenes que tomó mi colega, Brenda Gracía.

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Me pregunto si esta modalidad, de alguna manera nos está  regresando a la actividad tradicional de tomar apuntes y si es así sirve igual para el experimento que explican en el articulo, por lo menos desde mi punto de vista, creo que la actividad es muy parecida y el nivel de concentración es el mismo al igual que el proceso. Ustedes que dicen?

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Bueno les dejo el artículo:

“Attention, Students: Put your Laptops away”

April 17, 20166:00 AM ET
Heard on Weekend Edition Sunday

As laptops become smaller and more ubiquitous, and with the advent of tablets, the idea of taking notes by hand just seems old-fashioned to many students today. Typing your notes is faster — which comes in handy when there’s a lot of information to take down. But it turns out there are still advantages to doing things the old-fashioned way.

For one thing, research shows that laptops and tablets have a tendency to be distracting — it’s so easy to click over to Facebook in that dull lecture. And a study has shown that the fact that you have to be slower when you take notes by hand is what makes it more useful in the long run.

In the study published in Psychological Science, Pam A. Mueller of Princeton University and Daniel M. Oppenheimer of the University of California, Los Angeles sought to test how note-taking by hand or by computer affects learning.

“When people type their notes, they have this tendency to try to take verbatim notes and write down as much of the lecture as they can,” Mueller tells NPR’s Rachel Martin. “The students who were taking longhand notes in our studies were forced to be more selective — because you can’t write as fast as you can type. And that extra processing of the material that they were doing benefited them.”

Mueller and Oppenheimer cited that note-taking can be categorized two ways: generative and nongenerative. Generative note-taking pertains to “summarizing, paraphrasing, concept mapping,” while nongenerative note-taking involves copying something verbatim.

And there are two hypotheses to why note-taking is beneficial in the first place. The first idea is called the encoding hypothesis, which says that when a person is taking notes, “the processing that occurs” will improve “learning and retention.” The second, called the external-storage hypothesis, is that you learn by being able to look back at your notes, or even the notes of other people.

Because people can type faster than they write, using a laptop will make people more likely to try to transcribe everything they’re hearing. So on the one hand, Mueller and Oppenheimer were faced with the question of whether the benefits of being able to look at your more complete, transcribed notes on a laptop outweigh the drawbacks of not processing that information. On the other hand, when writing longhand, you process the information better but have less to look back at.

For their first study, they took university students (the standard guinea pig of psychology) and showed them TED talks about various topics. Afterward, they found that the students who used laptops typed significantly more words than those who took notes by hand. When testing how well the students remembered information, the researchers found a key point of divergence in the type of question. For questions that asked students to simply remember facts, like dates, both groups did equally well. But for “conceptual-application” questions, such as, “How do Japan and Sweden differ in their approaches to equality within their societies?” the laptop users did “significantly worse.”

The same thing happened in the second study, even when they specifically told students using laptops to try to avoid writing things down verbatim. “Even when we told people they shouldn’t be taking these verbatim notes, they were not able to overcome that instinct,” Mueller says. The more words the students copied verbatim, the worse they performed on recall tests.

And to test the external-storage hypothesis, for the third study they gave students the opportunity to review their notes in between the lecture and test. The thinking is, if students have time to study their notes from their laptops, the fact that they typed more extensive notes than their longhand-writing peers could possibly help them perform better.

But the students taking notes by hand still performed better. “This is suggestive evidence that longhand notes may have superior external storage as well as superior encoding functions,” Mueller and Oppenheimer write.

Do studies like these mean wise college students will start migrating back to notebooks?

“I think it is a hard sell to get people to go back to pen and paper,” Mueller says. “But they are developing lots of technologies now like Livescribe and various stylus and tablet technologies that are getting better and better. And I think that will be sort of an easier sell to college students and people of that generation.”

la liga:

http://www.npr.org/2016/04/17/474525392/attention-students-put-your-laptops-away

Post-it urbanista. “El mapa de cualquier ciudad”

Muchas veces he pensado en las implicaciones que ha traído la tecnología del post-it no sólo para el diseño o la innovación, sino para cualquier descubrimiento dentro de cualquier disciplina y me mandaron esta liga del blog de 99%invisible.

La historia comienza con un boceto que hace Chaz Hutton en un post it, sobre la experiencia de vivir en la ciudad;  El “bosquejo ficticio” que en realidad no es un mapa, pero toma elementos dispuestos a manera  croquis que lo hace parecer lugar, poco a poco se vuelve viral, ya que varias personas trataron de identificarlo con un lugar real y crean sus propios bosquejos de lo que significa para ellos vivir en la ciudad. Esto da la idea a Chaz de hacer un bosquejo general de cada ciudad y analizar lo que la gente representa y que nos puede decir el imaginario colectivo y lo que puede representar para entender la ciudad.

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Les dejo la liga y disfruten.
http://99percentinvisible.org/article/post-urbanism-cosmopolitan-universals-collide-map-every-city/

El proyecto me recuerda al de l artista Becky Cooper en su libro “Mapping Manhatan. A Love Story in maps”en el que Becky distribuye en la ciudad de NY una serie de volantes para que los participantes cuenten su historia y se encuentra con que muchas veces estas representaciones nos dicen mas sobre las personas que crean los mapas que sobre el propio lugar.  http://mapyourmemories.tumblr.com/mappingmanhattan

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Visualizando estereotipos de genero.

A personal research of Valentina D’Efilippo, into gender stereotypes focusing on how children become aware of these and how they receive stereotyped messages through visual communication.

The first outcome is an infographic book which explores male and female identity as seen through the eyes of children, while the second outcome is an illustrated book for young kids that strives to communicate genders equality.

The experimental format of SAM breaks the two separate worlds: male and female. The two characters, Samuel and Samantha communicate a positive message on gender equality through diversity. As a result of the infographic research, this illustrated book provides a response to children’s ideas of gender and offers them an image of genders without stereotypes.

 

http://italika.co.uk/142082/179348/work/visualizing-gender-stereotypes