Re-pensando el ícono de discapacidad.

Is it time for a new wheelchair access icon?

By Damon RoseBBC News, Ouch

Classic wheelchair symbol; new wheelchair symbol

The stick figure in a wheelchair has become one of the most widely-used and instantly recognised symbols in the world – but a group of American designers want to change this famous icon of disability.

Seen on toilet doors, parking bays and practically every public building in the developed world, the International Symbol of Access has been in circulation since 1969. But now a group calling itself the Accessible Icon Project want to give the design a more 21st Century, even paralympic, feel.

The new icon is based on the old one but shows the figure leaning forward, actively pushing the wheelchair – more David Weir than Ironside. The group’s website is critical of the old icon: “Its arms and legs are drawn like mechanical parts, its posture is unnaturally erect, and its entire look is one that makes the chair, not the person, important and visible.”

Artist Sara Hendron, a lecturer at Rhode Island School Of Design, USA, is one of those behind the project. She says the new icon started as a piece of “guerrilla art” on the campus of Gordon College near Boston, where she and collaborator Brian Glenney adapted existing access signs by overlaying a transparent sticker of a new active wheelchair user so old and new could both be seen.

A parking sign with the new symbol super-imposed on the old symbolAn early example of the new icon in action

The designers wanted to get people thinking. Hendron says the new symbol is “a metaphor for self-direction and self determination,” and believes the old one has become politically invisible. She thinks that other similar public information symbols are more dynamic than the classic wheelchair sign and are pictured actively engaging with the world.

“If you go to a national park which says you can have a swim, a picnic or fish there, you’ll see all these 2D icons that are indicating with very animated gestures all that stuff you can do with your body.”

There’s been interest in the new icon from around the world, from in Italy to India and South America.

“We’re eagerly watching New York City who have said they’re going to implement it but are presently at the red tape stage,” says Hendron. “And in the meantime we’ve heard from other towns as well and scores of individual organisations and institutions.”

Wheelchair icon in sign reading "Setting Down"Does the old wheelchair icon present too passive an image of disabled people?

How widely the symbol is adopted, depends on a number of factors, however. Barry Gray is from the graphical symbols committee of the International Standards Organisation (ISO). He likes Hendron’s symbol, but says its meaning is not clear-cut.

“The new design idea is related to the style of a speedy wheelchair but it’s not a racing wheelchair sign we’re trying to create,” he says. “We’re trying to create the idea that this is the way you go into the building… not to speed down a road.”

There’s another issue with the classic symbol, which is not necessarily addressed by the new version – it depicts a wheelchair user, but is also supposed to symbolise access for blindness, autism and many other non-wheelchair related impairments. In fact, although there’s an estimated 750,000 wheelchair users in the UK, that’s still less than 10% of the disability community.

Continue reading the main story

History of the wheelchair icon

Wheelchair icon in parking bay
  • Classic symbol created in 1968 by Susanne Koefoed, a Danish graphic design student
  • Koefoed’s design was one of many submitted to a Scandinavian project to create standard access symbol for the world
  • Koefoed’s original figure was headless – circular head added on later by Karl Montan

Visual artist Caroline Cardus doesn’t want the symbol to contain a wheelchair at all.

“If no other impairments are included in the sign then there’s a subliminal message that if it’s all right for wheelchair users then everyone else can just struggle along – and that’s massively unhelpful.”

In 2004, Cardus created The Way Ahead, a travelling exhibition of thought-provoking disability road signs which was very popular and has only recently ended.

“I’ve thought for a very long time I would love to have a sign with something like a big ‘A’ or whatever letter access starts with in your language, because then you could potentially have some visual shorthand which maybe has different levels.”

She suggests a new symbol should provide extra information, like the London Underground map, which uses colour-coded wheelchair icons. A white wheelchair on a blue background means the station is step-free from street to train. Blue-on-white means the station is step-free from street to platform only.

“The A could perhaps have one dot for physical access and two dots for cognitive awareness,” she says. “Something that basically says things are completely accessible or things are slightly accessible.”

Signs reading "bigot", "stroppy crips", "label jars"Some of artist Caroline Cardus’s “signs”

Gray says that impairments like autism and mental health have been talked about but are difficult to depict visually.

An ear symbol, for example, indicates the presence of a hearing loop system and very specific access symbols are now becoming international standards.

“We recently introduced a symbol which indicates that assistance is available, to be used at a reception desk or similar. It’s meant for people who need guidance, so perhaps people with sight or cognitive difficulties.It’s a picture of one person holding the hand of another.”

Symbols for deafness and blindnessAccess symbols for deaf and visually-impaired people

Hendron says that she accepts that there are limits to what can be achieved with graphic symbols:

“I don’t wear skirts a lot, but I go to the women’s rest room and the skirt on the woman in the icon means it’s not the men’s room. Is there a problem with that? Probably, but it’s a shorthand that I make peace with so that I can travel and get places fast with my five-year-old daughter who might need to suddenly bolt there.”

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Crea un mapa de tu vida

Create An Intimate Map Of Your Life, Using Just Your Email Inbox

A NEW TOOL FROM MIT MINES YOUR PERSONAL DATA TO VISUALIZE PERSONAL CONNECTIONS. TRY IT–THEN REALIZE THAT YOUR IPHONE AND ANY EMAIL CLIENT CAN ACTUALLY SEE A WHOLE LOT MORE.

 

We rarely think twice when sending an email, or adding a few CCs just for good measure. But these small interactions add up, and when deconstructed en masse, will reveal more about you than you might ever expect.

Immersion is an interactive network data visualization created at MIT Media Lab’s Macro Connections group by Deepak JagdishDaniel Smilkov andCesar Hidalgo. All you do is give the site access to your Gmail account. It promises to look only at the email headers: From, To, CC, and timestamp fields within your email history. And through the wonders of data mining, it will build an extremely accurate web of your personal relationships.

“We are basically counting each multi-personal email as an expression of a connection between the people involved in that email,” Hidalgo tells me.

Interestingly enough, Immersion started as a quest to redesign the email inbox. Given that your email is always presented in a list, the young network scientists thought they could reimagine the experience. They were, in part, successful, but they also managed to demonstrate the horrors of digging too deep, along with unsettling nature of how much information we share in seemingly innocuous ways.

My last week.

“Certainly, we would like to evoke feelings of reflection,” Hidalgo explains. “By experiencing Immersion, we are hoping people would question the way they are connecting with others, and reflect about the relationships that they need to strengthen or let go. Also, Immersion shows people the data that they have shared with others, so it provides an opportunity for people to know the intimacy of the picture that companies/governments have about them.”

Trying Immersion for myself, the overloaded servers took the better part of a day to pull in 150,337 of my Gmails from the past several years. But when they finished, I was greeted by a color-coded web of clusters with a familiarity I couldn’t have prepared for. There was a cluster of friends. A cluster of family. There were two clusters for jobs, with old bosses appearing as large dots at the center and my colleagues circling like planets around the sun.

My last month.

What was remarkable was not only the accuracy but the specificity. People who I’d emailed just a handful of times often have reasonable spots on this map, bridging the gap between two people I know or places I’ve worked. One-off friends and mentors who’ve helped me through the years float in the periphery, disconnected from the wheeling and dealing of my everyday life. And of course, there’s no escaping the feeling of seeing names of people who were once extremely important in your world–ballooning in stark mathematics to prove that importance–who are virtual strangers today.

I loaded Immersion expecting to be disgusted by just how much of my life that my iPhone, Thunderbird, and Mailbox can deduce about me from the most superficial data they see (and I was!). But I left Immersion with a mental nausea of personal and professional failures, and a grounding reminder that just because something or someone is important to me today is no guarantee that they will be important in my future.

Try it here.

[Hat tip: NPR]

My Persona: como te ves en internet

Screen Shot 2013-09-05 at 8.04.12 AM

Hace un par de años, me encontré con este experimento en internet desarrollado por Aaron Zinman de MIT del Sociable Media Group  que se ha vuelto una exhibición global itinerante. La idea es una herramienta que utiliza un lenguaje de procesamiento natural para usar TODA la información que existe de tu nombre en internet y crea una visualización tipo histograma de los rubros en los que aparece mencionado tu nombre. Es muy interesante el concepto.

El objetivo de este proyecto es hacer una crítica al concepto de data mining, pues el hecho de que la computadora no identifique en la búsqueda de datos que no se trata de la misma persona, es una cuestión que habría que resolver. También nos deja pensando acerca del discurso narrativo digital que se genera de nuestra persona.

Aquí la Liga

http://personas.media.mit.edu/personasWeb

P.D. Por alguna razón, me causa error, es una lástima porque hace poco si funcionaba. Ideas sobre lo que pasa?